Issues: Immigration

Section 287(g) enables the federal government to devolve the powers of immigration officers to state and local employees. Specifically, Section 287(g) states:


            The Attorney General may enter into a written agreement with a State, or any
            political subdivision of a State, pursuant to which an officer or employee of the 
            State or subdivision, who is determined by the Attorney General to be qualified 
            to perform a function of an immigration officer in relation to the investigation, 
            apprehension, or detention of aliens in the United States (including the trans­portation 
            of such aliens across State lines to detention centers), may carry out such function 
            at the expense of the State or political subdivision and to the extent consistent with 
            State and local law.

The statute indicates that any public servant may become a deportation agent, from a police officer to a traffic safety agent, public benefits caseworker, or hospital employee. First, however, the state or local entity must sign a written agreement with the federal government that details the powers and duties to be authorized, the contract duration, and the specific federal immigration office that will “supervise and direct” each deputized officer. Each state or local officer must also receive “adequate training regarding the enforcement of relevant Federal immigration laws.”

Below are the NC cities that currently have 287 (g)

NC

Alamance County Sheriff's Office

JEO

1/10/2007

NC

Cabarrus County Sheriff's Office

JEO

8/2/2007

NC

Cumberland County Sheriff's Office

JEO

6/25/2008

NC

Durham Police Department

TFO

2/1/2008

NC

Gaston County Sheriff's Office

JEO

2/22/2007

NC

Henderson County Sheriff's Office

JEO

6/25/2008

NC

Mecklenburg County Sheriff's Office

JEO

2/27/2006

NC

Wake County Sheriff's Office

JEO

6/25/2008

NC

Guilford County Sheriff's Office

TFO

10/15/2009

*Note: Cumberland County did not resign it's agreement in October 2009

Click on above links, to view your county or city's 287(g) agreement.


JEO = Jail Enforcement Officers
TFO = Task Force Officers